Home Cranes Types of Cranes Red-crowned cranes

 
  It is the second rare species of cranes. Only 1700~2000 red-crowned cranes exist on earth today and are classified as near-extinct species on the International Union for the Conservation of Nature's red list.
- Size : 120~140cm
- Weight : 9~15 kg
- Classification : Large-size Fowl in Crane Family
- Feed : Mixed Diet
           (Animal: insect, freshwater fish, frog, lizards, etc)
           (Plant: grains, grass roots, etc)

ㆍHabitat
  Breeds at the broad wetlands in the temperate zones of East Asia and the northeast regions of China and Russia. Some are found in Hokkaido, the northern part of Japan.
 
1) The Korean Peninsula
- About 300~350 in North Korea. An increasing number of red-crowned cranes are visiting North Korea in winter
- About 200~300 in South Korea. Although Cheolwon is seeing an increasing number, other regions are seeing a decreasing number of red-crowned cranes.
2) China
- The number of red-crowned cranes in Yungchen, China was 540 in 1991 and 780 in 1992. It is estimated that there are about 600~800 today, but no record shows an overall number of red-crowned cranes in Mainland China.
3) Japan
- Since the establishment of Artificial Feeding Station in Hokkaido in 1952, the number of red-crowned cranes has increased from 33 to 700. Installing a safety sign on the high-tension line on Hokkaido in 1971 has decreased the death of red-crowned cranes by electric shock.

ㆍLifestyles
  Unlike other species, they inhabit in a wide rage of habitats and are highly adaptive to wetlands. They can 'float in deep waters and beak food'.

ㆍObserver's Records
  According to the records from between 1800 and the 1930s, red-crowned cranes were found around Korea's borders to Russia and across the Korean Peninsula. In October, they come down from Northeast Asia. They once were almost extinct during the winter due to poaching. They appear in the Korean Peninsula in early November and go down to the southernmost region of Korea by December or January. In mid-February, they begin to head north and completely disappear from the Korean Peninsula in the late March.